Monday, October 20, 2014

Avoiding Eye Problems with Halloween Contact Lenses

Doctor & Associates cautioned about the use of decorative contact lenses for Halloween in order to avoid potentially serious eye problems. The Food and Drug Administration,  regulates all contact lenses as medical devices that require a prescription and proper fitting by an eye care professional. Even someone with perfect vision would still require an eye exam and a prescription in order to wear any kind of contacts, including cosmetic lenses. Some websites advertise decorative contacts as if they were fashion accessories or toys with attractive packaging in order to draw teens and young adults, especially girls. The problem is not that people use decorative, noncorrective lenses-but that they buy the contacts without a prescription through unlicensed vendors on the Internet or at flea markets and specialty shops.

Changing your eye color or turning your eyes into a devilish or ghoulish look can be fun but can also lead to serious vision threatening problems. Buying over-the-counter contact lenses exposes you to huge risk including scratched corneas, pink eye and more serious types of blinding infection as a result of a corneal ulcer.

Federal law classifies all contact lenses as medical devices and restricts their distribution to licensed eye-care professionals. Illegal sale of contacts can result in civil penalties of up to $11,000 per violation.
 
The safe and effective use of contact lenses-whether decorative or not-requires proper fitting and education about their care to prevent the potential for serious eye  problems from becoming a reality. If you or a friend would like to learn more about contact lenses of any type including decorative contacts please call Doctor & Associates-203-227-4113, visit Doctor & Associates in Fairfield County or facebook.com/doctorandassociates to schedule an appointment.

Doctor & Associates is a leading Fairfield County Connecticut eye care practice with offices at 129 Kings Highway North, Westport, Connecticut 06880, 195 Danbury Road, Wilton, Connecticut 06897 and 148 East Avenue, Norwalk, Connecticut 06851.

Tuesday, October 7, 2014

Fuchs Dystrophy Severity & Risk Factors

“As a corneal specialist Fuchs’ Dystrophy is an eye problem I frequently get called upon to diagnose, rule out or treat,” commented Leslie Doctor, M.D. “Additionally, I provide education and counsel to Fuchs’ Dystrophy patients about their prognosis, risks and progression so they can have realistic expectations,” she explained.

Information About Fuchs Dystrophy
Fuchs’ Dystrophy is a type of corneal disease that affects the inner most layer of the cornea-the endothelium. Fuchs’ Dystrophy is slowly progressive and can be found in both eyes and is slightly more common in women than men. While it is possible to observe Fuchs’ Dystrophy in people in their 30’s and 40’s, it usually does not compromise vision until people are in their 50’s or 60’s. The endothelial cells are responsible for pumping water out of the cornea and helping to maintain the corneal transparency. While the reason is poorly understood, in Fuchs’ Dystrophy, the endothelial cells die, which make the endothelium less efficient in its pumping activity. This results in the cornea swelling and distorting vision.

Researchers reporting in the journal Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science studied the effects of smoking, and other risk factors, on the development of advanced Fuchs' endothelial corneal dystrophy (FECD) and on central corneal thickness (CCT). As predicted, being female increased the odds of developing advanced Fuchs' endothelial corneal dystrophy (FECD) by 34% and smoking increased the odds by 30%. Besides reporting that smoking was associated with an increased risk of developing advanced FECD, diabetes was also associated with increased in corneal thickness-reflecting greater risk of corneal swelling.

If you or someone you know has questions or concerns about cataract surgery, air travel and flying please feel free to call Doctor & Associates-203-227-4113, visit Doctor & Associates in Fairfield County or facebook.com/doctorandassociates to schedule an appointment.

Doctor & Associates is a leading Fairfield County Connecticut eye care practice with offices at 129 Kings Highway North, Westport, Connecticut 06880, 195 Danbury Road, Wilton, Connecticut 06897 and 148 East Avenue, Norwalk, Connecticut 06851.

Monday, September 29, 2014

Diabetic Macular Edema Injection Frequency

“Diabetic Macular Edema is a fairly common cause of vision loss in diabetics who have diabetic retinopathy. Fortunately, we have specialized drugs for injection-such as Lucentis® & Eyelea®-that are helpful to treat and reverse the effects of Diabetic Macular Edema,” explained Ophthalmologist Claudia Castiblanco, M.D. “But, we counsel diabetics that they need to be patient as we plan and schedule their examinations, testing and treatment visits as sometimes the best results can only be achieved with multiple injections over some period of time,” she further explained.

Researchers reporting in the British Journal of Ophthalmology shared helpful information about the importance of the VEGF inhibitor injection frequency in the treatment of diabetic macular edema. The study confirmed that In general good long term results are achieved by about 4 months of injection treatment, but 20% of patients with persistent Diabetic Macular Edema at 12 months achieved a dry macula with considerable restoration of vision with sustained treatment through 24 months suggesting that persistent Diabetic Macular Edema at 4-12 months should not be used as a stopping criterion for treatment.

If you or someone you know has questions or concerns about vision loss in diabetics, please feel free to call Doctor & Associates-203-227-4113, visit Doctor & Associates in Fairfield County or facebook.com/doctorandassociates to schedule an appointment.

Doctor & Associates is a leading Fairfield County Connecticut eye care practice with offices at 129 Kings Highway North, Westport, Connecticut 06880, 195 Danbury Road, Wilton, Connecticut 06897 and 148 East Avenue, Norwalk, Connecticut 06851.

Saturday, September 27, 2014

Role of Vitamins & Antioxidants in Cataract Risk

Antioxidants and vitamins may play a role in your risk of developing cataracts according to researchers reporting their results in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Until now, studies have been inconsistent regarding the association between blood antioxidants or vitamins and risk of age-related cataract. By evaluating13 different studies researchers found the lower the level of vitamin E, α-carotene, lutein and zeaxanthin, the greater the risk of age-related cataract in Asian populations but not in Western populations, whereas β-Carotene, lycopene, and β-cryptoxanthin had no significant association with risk of cataract.

While these results look somewhat interesting, the question remains whether increasing intake through dietary supplements actually have any role in decreasing the risk of cataract formation.

If you or someone you know has questions or concerns about antioxidants, vitamins, cataracts, cataract surgery or lens implants please call Doctor & Associates-203-227-4113, visit Doctor & Associates in Fairfield County or facebook.com/doctorandassociates to schedule an appointment.

Doctor & Associates is a leading Fairfield County Connecticut eye care practice with offices at 129 Kings Highway North, Westport, Connecticut 06880, 195 Danbury Road, Wilton, Connecticut 06897 and 148 East Avenue, Norwalk, Connecticut 06851.

Tuesday, September 16, 2014

What are Scleral Contact Lenses?

Scleral contact lenses are large-diameter gas permeable lenses designed to vault over the entire corneal surface and rest on the "white" part of the eye, called sclera. Scleral lenses are noticeably larger than standard contacts and have a diameter greater than that of soft contact lenses, which is usually from 15 mm to 24 mm. In comparison, the average human cornea is about 11.8 mm in diameter and most conventional gas permeable contact lenses are 9.0 to 9.5 mm in diameter.

Scleral lenses are designed to treat a variety of eye conditions, some of which are keratoconus and dry eye syndrome. They might improve vision and reduce light sensitivity for people suffering from Steven-Johnson syndrome, Sjogren's syndrome, corneal ectasia, for eyes that have undergone a cornea transplant and some post injury eyes. Advances in lens technology are allowing manufacturers to design scleral lenses that can correct more conditions than ever before, including bifocal scleral lenses for correction of presbyopia.

Sometimes these lenses are also used as special effect contact lenses, also called theatrical, to dramatically alter the appearance of the eye. They are often used in movies and during Halloween for cosmetic purposes only and not for vision correction.

If you or someone you know has questions or concerns about cataracts, cataract surgery, lens implants and how to reduce your risk of cataracts or other eye diseases please, call Doctor & Associates-203-227-4113, visit Doctor & Associates in Fairfield County or facebook.com/doctorandassociates to schedule an appointment.

Doctor & Associates is a leading Fairfield County Connecticut eye care practice with offices at 129 Kings Highway North, Westport, Connecticut 06880, 195 Danbury Road, Wilton, Connecticut 06897 and 148 East Avenue, Norwalk, Connecticut 06851.